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Child safety at home is an act of love!

The house is adult friendly, yet it has many potential dangers for a child. Let's find out what the risks are and prevent or remove them. Creating a safe environment, supervising the child and teaching him or her what is or is not safe, prevents common injuries at home, such as falls, burns, poisoning, drowning, strangulation, suffocation, among others.  


Child safety at home: fires, medicines and water


Install smoke detectors and protect the outlets and regulate the hot water output from the bathroom taps to a maximum of 50ºC.


Install a smoke detector.



Safely store and use matches, lighters, medicines and cleaning products (if ingested are domestic poisons).


Security of doors, windows and stairs


Install safe glazing on windows and doors or put shatter-resistant film on windows and doors in old houses. Place stickers on the glass at eye level.


Install safety glass.



Lock the windows. Move chairs and other things away from windows. Attach TVs and other heavy furniture to walls or the floor so they don't fall on your child.


Keep children safe around windows.



Place safety barriers at the top and bottom of the stairs and at the entrances to the balconies.


Use safety gates


Never leave children unattended in the bathtub or near the water. Always be within arm's reach of children if you need to hold on to them and in sight of them.


Keep an eye on your child around water.



Household risks


Store sharp objects out of the reach of children. Beware of small objects that your child may swallow or introduce into the nose, ears or eyes.


Keep sharp or small items out of reach.



Prevent strangulation. Keep chains and cords on blinds and curtains less than 5 cm, roll them up, or place them at least 1.6 m above the floor.


Keep blind and curtain cords short.



Store emergency numbers and safety contacts close to the phone in an easy-to-consult way with a magnet on the fridge or put them in your phone's contact list.


Keep emergency contact numbers near your phone.


Child safety for toddlers (1-3 years) or older, at home  


There are simple changes to protect the baby, which should be taken into account as the baby begins to explore the world. Many children take their first steps around twelve months. But some can take their first steps at eight months, others at eighteen, without this implying that there is a problem. However, although parents cannot predict what month or day the baby will start to walk, they can easily envision accidents caused by the baby's first explorations of the space around him (even if he is just crawling) and , in advance, take the necessary precautions. 

Make the home safer for your baby. It's easier than it looks!


Some tips that you can put into practice, in order to adapt the house to the needs and avoid the most common risks for babies:


Decoration - Pay special attention to everything that is within reach of the child's hands: a wall lamp, a painting, a hanging plate or a mirror. Do not use any decorative objects that are at floor level, at least for a few years! 


Taps and hot water - The baby's skin is very sensitive, so be careful with the taps and hot water outlets.


Electricity - Use extensions with protected plugs and adapters with switches and light signals that warn of the passage of current. To cover the plugs, use protectors that are of adequate size. All (but all) sockets must have protectors and must be earthed.


Stairs - Install safety barriers, one at the top and one at the bottom, homologated and with the grates attached. Please note that barriers must be closed after the child has passed !! If you leave them open, the danger remains.


Shelves - Despite being a great storage solution, shelving and shelves are sometimes a risk to child safety if they are not properly installed and stored. Make sure the shelves and shelves are securely fixed, as your baby will try to climb or lean on them when he starts taking the first steps and put everything in his reach on the highest shelves. 


Windows and balconies - Do not leave windows or doors open and place safety nets or grills for windows and balconies.  


Flowers and plants - It is best to avoid placing plants at floor level until the baby has grown enough.


Furniture - Cover the protrusions and corners of tables, chairs and shelves with corner protections.


Doors - To prevent a door from getting caught in your baby's hand, you can install security systems that limit the speed of closing and reduce the knock on the door.


Floor - Plastic and rubber coverings are the best solution. If you have tiles, they must be non-slip and, if you have carpet, you should opt for a hypoallergenic one. Try to keep them, too, always clean, dry and free of grease or detergents.


Walls - Do not forget to check if they are lined with wallpaper or if they are painted, if they do not contain toxic products and if the paper does not come off easily.


Cot - Choose a bed with crates that are not more than 6 cm apart. The mattresses must be accommodated and well adjusted against the sides of the bed without leaving more than 2 fingers between the mattress and the side of the bed. Take everything out of your reach and leave nothing in the bed. Also keep it away from electrical cables and curtains that can increase incidents that jeopardize your baby's safety.


Toys - Read the manufacturer's instructions, recommended age and safety alerts and make sure it has the CE symbol (guarantee that the toy complies with the European Union safety directive). As for dolls and cuddly toys, they should not have pieces that can come loose, the seams must be resistant and must not release hair, especially cuddly toys.


Toxic and potentially dangerous products - Keep all cleaning products, medicines, garbage bags and sharp objects out of the reach of children, in drawers and high cabinets, for example.


Appliances - Place them securely to prevent your child from opening any appliances. These are normally designed for use by adults, so child handling safety is not normally a criterion that the manufacturer has in particular consideration.


Stoves and glass-ceramic - Always place the handles of the frying pans and casseroles facing inwards, so that the baby cannot catch them and get used to cooking with the stove furthest away from you.


Computers and televisions - Watch out for cables scattered on the floor - can cause falls and are a decoy for the child to pull, wrap around them and even cause the computer / television to fall on them. 


Heaters and fans - Do not let your baby get too close, whether they are on or off. Fans must have protection.


Iron - Do not let your child stand by you when you are ironing or have an iron on. Do not allow the child to play with the ironing board (which can be pinched) even if the iron is switched off. Store the iron with the cord wrapped around it and preferably in a closet.


Cleaning products Use safety locks that do not allow cabinets and drawers to be opened. Do not store detergents and other toxic products in empty water or soft drink bottles. 


Medicines - Store them out of the reach of the little ones and avoid taking pills or other drugs in front of children - it piques their curiosity and they want to imitate adults. 


Alcoholic beverages The same rule applied to medicines: always out of the reach of children. 


In the kitchen - Knives and other sharp objects must be kept in places out of the reach of the child; do not leave pots / pans / pans on the fire without an adult in the kitchen. Children should get used to not approaching the stove, oven and microwave. In any case, the handles of the frying pans on the stove must face inwards and the matches / lighters must be kept in a safe place.

Coffee machines and other small appliances must be stored on high shelves or closed cupboards, so that children are not tempted to pull or play with the wires.


Pools - Never leave your child alone near a pool. Put armbands or vests on children who do not know how to swim even if they are just by the pool, as they may slip. If you have a pool at home, put a protective screen or a fence around it.



And when these security measures are no longer sufficient?


But even when you think you've removed all the home security risks, the reality is that children can still fall and fall. That's why supervision is one of the keys to child safety at home.


In addition, as your child grows and learns to climb and open things , you need to be alert to new dangers. You will probably need to change the environment to ensure that your home is still a safe and creative place to have fun and explore.


If children have a creative space to play and explore, with lots of interesting things to see and do, they are less likely to seek their own stimulation, exploring areas that you may not want them to enter.




Do you know that...


Domestic accidents are the biggest cause of death up to the age of 18.

Never leave your baby unattended. That thought of "just going to get something" while changing your diaper or bathing you is enough for an accident to occur.

For older children, along with supervision and a safe environment, you should teach them about the dangers of things, from the moment they begin to understand.


Catarina Vilela - Nurse