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4715-166 Nogueira,
Braga, Portugal

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Rua do Monte de S. Bento, lote 11 e 12,
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Braga, Portugal

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Store:
Rua de Barreiros, 74,
4715-166 Nogueira,
Braga, Portugal

Warehouse:
Rua do Monte de S. Bento, lote 11 e 12,
4705-700 Fradelos,
Braga, Portugal

E-mail:
info@euromipe.com

Phone:
+351 253 257 148 (Seg-Sex: 9h00-19h00) (Chamada para a rede fixa nacional)

Geriatrics

Geriatrics

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In this category we sell all products and equipment in the medical sector aimed at Geriatrics. We have a wide variety of products at the best prices on the market. Delivery within 24 hours.

Geriatric medicine or geriatrics is a branch of medicine that studies the prevention and treatment of diseases and disability in advanced ages. A similar term is degerontology, which is the study of aging itself. Geriatrics is the branch of medicine in charge of studying and treating diseases and conditions related to aging.

 

There are two concepts of aging:

  • Simplistic Concept: the process of transforming a young person into an elderly person.
  • Biological Concept:  phenomena that lead to reduced adaptability to functional overloads.

With aging, there is a homeostatic imbalance – expected decline of some functions – and there is a greater vulnerability to diseases such as: infections, cardiovascular diseases, malignant neoplasms...

 

Mulher de tiro médio com bengala Foto gratuita

 

Definition of elderly in developing countries:

According to the chronology,  elderly person is an individual who is 60 years of age or older.

 

Definition of elderly in developed countries:

The individual who is 65 years of age or older. Individuals considered very old are those who are 80/85 years of age or older.

However, in order to allow more direct comparisons between countries, the World Health Organization normalized the age of 65 years for people from both developed and developing countries.

 

Limitations in the elderly woman

Functional capacity decreases throughout life. The natural aging process (associated with chronic diseases) is responsible for the limitation of the elderly. In old age it is important to maintain independence and prevent disability, therefore, rehabilitate and ensure quality of life.

At this stage of life, it is important to always focus on prevention, as the individual will not always manifest symptoms of disease, even the apparently healthy elderly person requires care, as the manifestations of disease in the elderly are:

  • atypical,
  • sub-clinics,
  • symptoms are non-specific
  • and generally not reported,
  • the beginning is insidious
  • and it is very easy to “miss” a diagnosis.


 

The main occurrences in the elderly are - the geriatric giants (5i):

  • instability and falls,
  • incontinence,
  • iatrogenics,
  • immobility and
  • cognitive impairment, delirium, dementia and depression.

 

Geriatrics Objectives

  • Health Maintenance in Old Ages
  • Maintenance of functionality
  • Early detection and treatment
  • Prevention of diseases
  • safe treatments
  • Care and support during terminal illness
  • maximum degree of independence
  • Care and support during terminal illness


Disease prevention in the elderly
Planning for disease prevention in the elderly consists of:

  • Correct destructive habits (imbalanced diet, physical inactivity, smoking, obesity, drug abuse);
  • Provide proper diagnosis and treatment of diseases;
  • Use medication rationally (conscious prescription, start and end, respect for guidance, use vs. abuse, avoid self-medication, “magical” effects);
  • Balance emotional environments;
  • Expand the social support network (support network);
  • Do not let the elderly create expectations. Reject the fantasy of “rejuvenation or eternal youth”;
  • Encourage the practice of aerobic physical activity, to increase endurance, strength and flexibility, as well as combine physical and social benefits;
  • Adapt the home environment, thus reducing the risk of accidents such as falls and their consequences, often with a dismal prognosis;
  • Educating caregivers of dependent elderly people, as well as recognizing their illness;
  • Be aware of signs of abuse and report them;

 

Additional Terms

  • Senescence: normal aging
  • Senility: pathological aging
  • Gerontology: study of aging

 

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