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8 DIFFERENT KINESIO APPLICATIONS

8 DIFFERENT KINESIO APPLICATIONS

      The kynesian tapes were invented by Dr. Kenzo Kase. After his graduation in Chiropractic, by the University of Chicago, he began to treat several patients and soon realized that the tapes, which existed at the time, were too rigid to treat joints and muscle problems. They were suitable for fixed assets,  but did not have the flexibility to promote biomechanical alignment of tissues and joints. There arose a new need here, which is why he invented the Kinese tapes. 

      Kinese tapes should be applied by physiotherapists or osteopaths, duly accredited in the use of kinesiology techniques, so that the effect is intended and not to aggravate muscle injuries or problems resulting from the improper application of this technique. One of the precautions that enhance the effectiveness of applying Kinese is to rub them to heat the glue to better adhere to the skin.


  Kinesio tapes, also known as neuromuscular bands, are one of the most commonly used types of tapes to help athletes compete at peak performance.


 On the market there is a wide variety of sports tapes. The three main functions of tapes are: Sport, Biomechanical and Neuromuscular as follows:

  1. Sports Tape - Suitable for acute injuries and injury prevention without rehabilitation benefits. Also indicated to protect joints and make functional bandages.
  2. Biomechanics (Dinamic Tape Eco) - Used to promote biomechanical alignment of tissues and joints, for neuromuscular reeducation during physical therapy treatment or in everyday activities.
  3. Neuromuscular (Kinésio Tape) - Specific technique of application, on and around the muscles, to provide joint support, normalize muscle contractions and aid circulation. However, it does not replace traditional musculoskeletal treatments.


Kinésio tapes are widely used by high-level athletes in various sports, including football, futsal, tennis, judo, jiu jitsu, rugby, handball, volleyball, basketball, among others. The widespread preference for this therapeutic product is related to the effective way it acts on the muscles and joints without restricting them, allowing total freedom of movement.


The neuromuscular bands have as fundamental functions:

  1. Correct muscle function
  2. Kinnesium is effective for reconditioning abnormal muscle tension by stimulating weakened muscles or inhibiting the activity of excessively tense muscles.
  3. Reduction of swelling and edema
  4. Kinnesium assists in the absorption of edema or bruising in various body structures, due to its flexibility and ease of application.
  5. Pain relief
  6. The application of neuromuscular bands on the affected area contributes to neurological suppression of pain.
  7. Increased joint stability

With the correct application of Kinesio tapes, pictures of joint instability resulting from joint injuries can be minimized. The use of Kinese stimulates the action of proprioceptors - joint receptors responsible for the notion of joint positioning - helping the function of joints and muscles.



      The 8 different applications of kinesio tape are:

  • Apply Kinese to the Shoulder

Excessive shoulder movement or inflammatory and degenerative diseases of your tissues form the basis of many injuries.

The shoulder joint is the largest and most complex of the human body, has a range of 180º in flexion and abduction. This capability generates high instability prone to subluxation and dislocation.

The most common technique in the application of kinesio in the shoulder is the "Y" cut, simultaneously covering the Anterior and Posterior Deltoid. The initial anchor is 2.5 to 3 cm and is made over the projection of the deltoid muscle insert. The anterior tail should be applied to the anterior portion of the muscle as well as the posterior tail in the posterior portion and the anchors are very close or almost superimposed. In anchors the voltage should be 0%.


  • Application of Kinese in the Knee

The knee joint is the most anatomically complex and from the functional point of view, in that it must be stable and simultaneously allow a high mobility.

The knee is designed to protect itself. It is surrounded by a joint capsule, flexible enough to allow it to move and at the same time with sufficient force to keep the joint together. The synovial tissue that lines the capsule and produces the synovial fluid that lubricates the joint. The cartilage, resistant to use, covers the ends of the tibia and helps reduce friction during movement. The menisci acts as buffers and helps to distribute body weight at the joint. The lateral and posterior ligaments increase stability. Finally, the kneecap protects the front of the joint.

The knee is very vulnerable to various types of trauma: direct (kicking) or indirect (sprain), overuse or improper use. Many of the knee injuries can be treated without surgery.

 Cut the kinésio in "Y" and anchor without tension in the average femur. Place the knee in flexion, apply with 15-35% of tension and terminate without tension in the medial pole of the kneecap. Then cut the kinesium in "I", position the knee in flexion (20-30º), apply 20-25% tension on the joint line of the kneecap.


 

  • Kinese tape on the neck

Action: Relaxation. Shape: two strips to 'I'. Width: 2, 5cm. Length: 20-25 cm. Apply the tape without tension laterally in the spine, the patient should flex the head forward. Always apply bilaterally.


  • Kinese Taping for low back pain, herniated disc, piriformis syndrome and lumbar square contracture.

Ligature used in all pain syndromes of the lumbar spine. Action: Relaxation. Shape: 4 strips to 'I'. Length: 25 cm.
Apply the ribbons only laterally to the spine without tension, flexing the patient to the front of the 45 °. Always apply bilaterally.


  • Kinesio Taping for epicondylitis and bursitis on the elbow

Used for any painful elbow condition. Action: drainage. Form: A fan-shaped bandage. Length: 20-25cm.
Apply the tape with the elbow in flexion, without tension, forming a fan around the elbow.
Be careful not to put the tape too close to it because the tape may not wrinkle.


  • Kinese Taping for Femoral Biceps Contracture

Action: Relaxation. Shape: a strip to 'Y'. Length: ischial tuberosity up to the head of the fibula. Apply the strap without tension, asking the patient to perform a forward flexion of the trunk with the legs extended. With the tails of the 'Y' envelop the muscular womb of the femoral biceps. During the application ask the patient to keep the 'Y' base stretched until the skin is stretched.


  • Kinesio Taping for ankle sprains, swelling of the foot and ankle

Action: drainage. Shape: two strips. Length: 25 cm. Apply the strips to form a double fan over the ankle. Press on the ankle stretching and apply without tension.


  • Kinesio Taping for calf contraction and Achilles tendinitis.

Action: Relaxation. Shape: a strip to 'Y'. Length: under the heel to the popliteal cavity. Apply the tape without tension, starting just under the heel and with stretching of the calf. With the tape wrap around the outside of the twins' muscular womb.