Biodegradable diapers, a second skin that reduces environmental impacts

Posted by Digito 29/10/2018 0 Comments Health,

We wanted this article on biodegradable diapers to be very comprehensive and useful, addressing various aspects related to baby skin features, a history of the invention of disposable, an importance for the ability to be biodegradable, features of baby's stool and You can do a practical, step-by-step guide "like changing a diaper to a baby".

The day the baby is born, your skin is violently pushed into a completely new environment, most often viruses and bacteria, and many other things you are not used to. It has an extreme capacity for cellular development. The skin is fragile and immature, so it must be protected. Why it is important to use specific products for baby care and dermatologically tested products.





A baby's skin has the same structure as an adult's skin, but it still does not have all of its functions.

Fragile and yet not fully developed, the baby's skin needs three years to strengthen, so that it can adequately play its role as a protective barrier.


The delicate nature of the skin can be attributed to several factors:

At birth, the skin's pH is approximately neutral. Its pH decreases gradually, becoming more acidic in adulthood. This difference helps make the baby's skin more sensitive to infections and irritations.

The hydrolipidic mantle is thinner in babies than in adults. Therefore, it less protects the epidermis against dehydration. The baby's skin is therefore much more vulnerable to attacks from the outside world.


  • The corneal layer of the baby is also more fragile. The corneocytes are not so cohesive, making the layer more permeable to external factors and infections.


  • The baby's dermis is three times thinner.

    Lastly, in relation to their weight, the surface area of a baby's skin is between 3 and 5 times greater than that of an adult. This means that a substance that can penetrate the skin ends up being considerably more concentrated in the body - increasing the risk of toxicity.

    As your baby grows and develops, it will restore and maintain overall balance of the skin. That is why it is extremely important to protect it - to take care of the qualities of your baby's skin, today and in the future.




In order to compensate for the underdeveloped nature of the baby's skin barrier, it is very important to use baby-specific products, namely diapers, creams, shower gel, cotton clothing, taking into account the fragility of your skin, preserving its cellular richness without irritating her.


Take special care when choosing dermo-cosmetic products for your baby: choose only hypoallergenic and high-tolerance products that have been specially tested for baby's skin and are designed to help strengthen / maintain your skin barrier by protecting your skin. cellular wealth against external environment attacks. Our BAMBO NATURE diapers fulfill these requirements, as you will read later in this article.




Bambo Nature is the new generation of eco-friendly diapers!

Our disposable diapers are among the most environmentally friendly diapers on the market. They are manufactured with care for the environment, and 95% of all waste from the Bambo Nature production is recycled. In addition, the diapers are labeled with the Nordic eco-label, the FSC® label and our dermatologically tested label.

Bambo Nature disposable diapers are soft for the skin and the health of the child and have a very soft back and topsheet like fabric, which makes the diaper look like a soft cloth piece.

The diaper is designed to fit perfectly into a child's anatomy, which ensures that there is no leakage and that the child feels comfortable, while allowing greater freedom of movement.


Characteristics of Bambo Nature diapers

In the page of Bambo Nature Portugal is mentioned that the new generation of environmentally friendly Bambo Nature diapers have all the characteristics of a Premium product. Here's why:

100% breathable
Thin and 100% breathable, minimizes the risk of allergic reactions.

Top dry
The super absorbent layer ensures rapid absorption as well as an always dry surface.

As a result of the use of high quality materials in the inner and outer layers, the diaper provides the baby's skin with an extra soft feeling.

The diaper side panels are made of an extremely flexible material that ensures a perfect fit, always.

Protection against leakage
The side barriers allow for a perfect fit to the body, minimizing the risk of leakage.


The Bambo Nature range was designed and manufactured in Scandinavia by the Abena Group, one of the oldest diaper manufacturers in the world. Abena, established in 1953, has headquarters and factories in Denmark, northern Europe and distributes its products to more than 80 countries. The Abena factory in Denmark manufactures eco-friendly baby diapers of international quality. You can consult and confirm the news regarding the prizes, course and particularities of this company in: .





Products made from non-biodegradable materials have brought a major problem to society these days. On the other hand, ease of use and handling of disposable products leads to an increase in their consumption, contributing to environmental pollution when there is no efficient way to treat waste. Materials such as diapers, sanitary napkins and guards are examples of products which in their constitution contain, in a high amount, sodium polyacrylate (non-biodegradable superabsorbent polymer). Sodium polyacrylate became very well known from the 80's when disposable diapers began to be marketed.


Attempts to minimize environmental damage

Currently, polymers are being tested that can replace sodium polyacrylate in its main characteristics: superabsorption and high kinetics of swelling. Recently, in Australia, a recycling project was planned to take place in association with the hygiene recycling company, Relivit. Relivit will open a new factory in Nowra, NSW, which will process 30,000 tons of absorbent hygiene waste for recycling, every year. In England they have already designed factories for the treatment of all components of disposable diapers, which after being washed and processed are transformed into tiles and helmets for cyclists. However, these are rare examples of pilot projects, which are very small worldwide. However, from the past, now and in the future millions of diapers will continue to be produced, resulting in various problems, such as:

  • On average, 2% of the waste collected corresponds to disposable diapers. Disposable diapers saturate landfills. Absorbent diapers and other hygiene materials (such as sanitary napkins and incontinence guards) make up tons and tons of waste each year.

  • There is release of dioxins in the paper pulp bleaching process, (which is also used in diapers).
    Dioxins are released, too, when the plastic waste (including diapers) is burnt. Dioxins are a highly toxic organic compound (C4H4O2).

  • Many disposable diapers are not biodegradable. Scientists estimate that diapers in a landfill take about 500 years to decompose.



A child uses on average 5500 diapers in the first two years of life.


Up to 3 months

90 days

7 diapers/day

630 diapers

From 3 to 6 months

90 days

6 diapers/day

540 diapers

From 6 to 24 months

900 days

5 diapers/day

4500 diapers


Total diapers up to 2 years

5670 diapers




Luckily there are environmentally friendly solutions available to consumers. These solutions reduce the impact on the environment.


1. Reusable cloth diapers

If washing the diapers is done in an efficient washing machine, in the cold program and then dried in the rope, the reusable cloth diapers have a lower environmental impact. Reusable diapers can be made from a variety of materials including organic cotton, bamboo, wool and hemp. Some manufacturers argue that fabricating diapers from these materials is much more beneficial to the environment, since these plants do not require harsh chemicals and pesticides to grow.

Other benefits of cloth diapers include:

  • Free from toxins and chemicals (such as dioxins), which can be harmful to both the baby and the environment.

  • Less expensive than long-term disposable diapers.

Despite this, this option is resistant to consumers because they do not seem so safe and hygienic and, despite everything, they need an excessive amount of water and energy to be cleaned and reused if the above washing characteristics are not used referred to above. Even though they are not fully sustainable, the damages caused by them are smaller than conventional disposable (non-biodegradable).


2. Biodegradable Disposable Diapers

Biodegradable or environmentally friendly disposable diapers are another alternative that may be best for the environment. According to the Raising Children Network of Australia, these diapers are made predominantly of materials such as bamboo and paper pulp, which contributed to the fact that most of the diaper is compostable and biodegradable. Some ecologically correct diapers can even be buried in the garden by decomposing and fertilizing the soil. Many biodegradable and environmentally friendly diaper manufacturers are committed to reducing the environmental impact as a whole, which means that they favor sustainable materials / suppliers, favoring environmentally conscious methods.

3. Hybrid Diaper Alternatives

A hybrid diaper is made up of a reusable and washable outer layer (or diaper cover) with a disposable diaper "insert" that absorbs the waste and is disposed of in the trash.


Did you know…

Both disposable diapers and cloth diapers can cause allergies - the first with their synthetic components, the second because some detergents or fabric softeners used to wash them can irritate the skin.



The invention and development of a product often results from the sum of several ideas and discoveries, from various needs that arise and are being filled. It was the same in the development of diapers as we know them today.


The earliest historical accounts refer to the ancient civilizations of Egypt, the Aztec Empire and Rome. These people wore a kind of improvised diaper, with moss, rabbit fur and grass.

How did the first diapers come about and what was their development path?

Shortly after World War II, in the 1940s, due to the scarcity of cotton, an American housewife and housewife, named Marion Donovan, invented a waterproof cover made of leftover plastic curtains from the tubs to protect the diaper from the exit of liquids. Named the first "Boater" diaper. Inside this waterproof cover was placed a conventional cloth diaper. Initially this invention did not have much success in sales. However, Marion Donovan did not give up, opened a company and focused on the dissemination of the product, having received 4 patents for the result of their projects.


Over time, the invention has been improved by the companies of the personal hygiene sector, until giving rise to the disposable diaper that we know today.


It was in 1957 that Victor Mills, a visionary and legendary chemical engineer at Procter & Gamble (P & G), improved the design of disposable diapers based on improving his grandson's comfort and aroused the interest of society and the marketplace . Named the "Pampers" diaper. Several layers of absorbent paper (15 to 25 sheets) were placed inside the rectangular diaper. They were surrounded by a plastic film and held in place by pins.


The disposable diaper in the 50's was a luxury item, they were not accessible to the majority of the population given its high cost. Used only on special occasions such as travel and doctor visits. In addition, its distribution was limited to a few countries.

In the 1960s, disposable diapers had a major development. The industry was inspired and based on the needs of the mothers. In 1961, diapers were massively introduced to the market. However, its success was moderate, since there was a downside to the method of closing the diapers: there were no self-adhesive tapes. The mothers had to have around a roll of crepe tape (of the type of painter's tape) to close and to fasten the diaper. Are you imagining this procedure these days !?

Still in the 60's, the absorbent paper filling was replaced by cellulose fibers and, with that, the diapers showed a great improvement in the performance. However, the diapers were still very thick, since they had to avoid the leak. On average they weighed at least 65g each. Factories could make only 100 diapers a minute.

In the 1970s there was a big boom, and P & G also entered KC and J & J in this market. Competition has led to a considerable drop in prices for consumers. At the beginning of this decade J & J launched on the market the diapers with side adhesive tapes already incorporated.

After this period, world demand exceeded production capacity for many years. The product was internationalized by Europe, Japan and Latin America.

During the decade of the 70 appeared the variations between the models: the folds, the type of adhesive, different sizes, the capacity of absorption, diapers greater of nocturnal use, among others existent today in the world-wide market. The speed of the machines was already about 250 / min. At the end of 70 the lateral elastics appeared and the casting rate fell to 5%.

Pediatricians began a campaign combating the use of conventional diapers (cloth) because they were thick and could deform the bones of the child's legs.

In the 80's, with the elastics, it was possible to change the anatomy of the diapers, since the lateral and waist already had this adjustable feature. The ecologists had protested against the diapers and, in this sequence, began to talk about biodegradable plastics. This was very evident in Europe and Canada and with less intensity in the USA and Latin America.

With the discovery of SAP (Gel) the leak rate dropped to approximately 2%. Consequently, the thickness was reduced, the weight reduced to 50% and the performance / absorption greatly increased (also considerably reducing the problems of the rash). At the same time, these new properties contributed to a reduction in the consumption of packaging. Each gram of gel replaced 4 grams of cellulose.

In the 1990s, new features were introduced, mainly aimed at enhancing the comfort of the baby, such as: SMS screens (softness and resistance), clothlike, fecal barriers, velcro mechanical side straps, aloe vera, humidity indicators, germ protectors, fluorescent front ribbons, among others. In the USA, Japan and Western Europe the penetration rate exceeds 95%. In Latin America the same rate appears more contained, varying between 15 and 75%. At the end of the 1990s the machines already had 300 diapers / min production capacity, although some of the big manufacturers already spoke at 800 pieces / min.

The idea of ​​the disposable diaper, which emerged in the early 20th century, nowadays, has become an easy solution for parents and an important product for several companies.


The disposable diaper is a relatively recent invention of mankind. So recent that the first diapers to be marketed, about 40 years ago, remain in the same place where they were placed from the 70's. Were you surprised? If you are old enough to have used disposable diapers, be aware that they still exist.

Diapers are mainly made of plastic (derived from petroleum) and cellulose (which involves the cutting down of trees). Its bleaching uses chlorine, a very polluting substance. Therefore, the diaper production processes are highly polluting and, on the other hand, diaper decomposition is very time consuming, contributing to an extremely high pollution rate. A conventional disposable diaper takes about 450 years to decompose.



f you have never changed a diaper before then do not worry because most parents make common mistakes like putting a diaper back or off-center or receiving an unexpected baby urine stream. If it does not go well once it will work better the next. Like everything else in learning to be a parent!

Like everything else in learning to be a parent!

Let's uncomplicate! These step-by-step tips will help you master the art of changing diapers and quickly fixing mistakes the first time.

The most important advice of all is NEVER LEAVE THE BABY ALONE. Never! Not even for a matter of seconds. A fall in a baby can have very serious consequences. To not have to leave the baby alone to go get something that is missing, you must prepare everything, or always have everything at hand. If you have to go get something take the baby with you.

1) Have everything at hand

You will need:

- a clean diaper or two;

- something to clean the baby: wipes or compresses;

- a flat surface;

- a garbage bag or a small bucket, next to the changing room;

- a shelter above the changing diapers or the bed or the smooth surface where the diaper is changed (optional).

- If your baby has a diaper rash, have a rash cream on hand (for example, Vitamin ATL cream = true & page = 2) and warm water to clean and soothe.


2) Wash your hands. You can put disinfectant on your hands (optional). Keep in mind that the baby's handling should not be too aseptic, so that it will go away with the various allergens. Studies have reported that in Nordic countries, such as in Finland, people began to develop many allergies, due to excessive disinfection / asepsis leading to a lack of contact with the most varied allergens in childhood.


3) Always keep a hand on the baby.

If the baby moves too much, distract him with a toy or something colorful, talk to him a lot, sing to him or play hide-and-seek. Babies love it! Take this time to interact with it and to stimulate or teach something appropriate to its development. Take advantage of your position bending over your baby. The baby delights to look at you and hear your voice. It is one of the moments that can establish contact with the baby by touch. Although some diaper changes need to be done quickly, because you only have a few minutes, try to enjoy the ritual.

4) Remove the baby's dirty diaper
Lay the baby on top of the baby's room, or a clean towel / shelf on a flat surface, and remove only the clothing from the waist down;

Open the dirty diaper and lift the baby's bottom, holding it by the ankles;

Remove the baby's head from the baby's bottom, using a part of the dirty diaper, in a single top-down motion, folding the diaper in the middle underneath the baby with the cleaned up part, as shown in the following photo.

5) Clean the baby's inner area
Clean the intimate region with the wet compresses in warm water / or with the wipes, making a single movement in the direction of the genital to the anus, as the image shows;

    • In the girl: it is recommended to clean one groin at a time and then clean the vagina towards the anus, without cleaning the inside of the vagina

    • In the boy: one should start with one groin at a time and then wipe the penis and testicles, ending at the anus.
      You should never pull the foreskin backwards as it can hurt and cause cracks. Note: If there is phimosis, it should be opened
      to expose the glans, which should be cleaned carefully. Phimosis is a constriction or hardening of the foreskin. It is a normal
      situation in the newborn or small child and is usually resolved at puberty without any treatment.

  • Discard each compress to the trash after 1 use to avoid soiling sites that are already clean. You can put diaper in a plastic bag or zippered bag
    before putting it in the bucket to reduce the smell.

  • Dry the intimate region with a towel or cloth diaper.

6) Putting a clean diaper on the baby

1)Put a clean, open diaper under the baby's bottom;

2)Put a rinse cream if necessary;

3)Close the diaper by securing both sides with the adhesive tapes. If you still have the umbilical stump, leave the diaper under the umbilical stump;



  1. Wear the baby's waist down clothes and wash your hands again.

7) After changing the diaper, it is recommended to confirm that it is tightly fitting to the baby's body by placing a finger between the skin and the diaper to ensure that it is not too tight.


In short


  1. 1- Lay the baby on a flat, soft and secure surface.

    2-Remove the diaper by lifting the adhesive flaps, and then fold the adhesive strips over themselves so that they do not stick to the baby's skin.

    3-Using tissues or a water-soaked compress, wipe the genital area from front to back.

    4-Put a clean diaper underneath the baby and dry it well with a clean cloth.

    5-Tighten the clean diaper by gluing the adhesive strips from the back of the diaper to the front. It should fit, but not tight.

    6-Finally, place the baby in a safe place to dispose of the dirty diaper and wash your hands.

    7-The following video explains step by step the change of the diaper.


Catarina Vilela

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