- Easy handling.
- Easy to read.
- Fast. Time required for evaluation: 60 seconds.
- Accuracy: +/- 0.1 ° C (centigrade) or +/- 0.2 ° F (Fahrenheit)
- Measurement range: 32 ° C ~ 42 ° C or 89.6 ° F ~ 109.4 ° F.
- With beep: indicates when the reading is complete.
- With memory.
- Auto power off.
- Suitable for babies and adults.
- Can be used for evaluation of oral, rectal and axillary temperature.
- It is not the proper device for tympanic evaluation.
- Battery included.
- Color white.
How to measure fever?
The tactile measurement of fever (with the lips or hand on the child's forehead) as well as plastic strip thermometers (uncommon in Portugal) are not reliable methods of assessing body temperature.
Among the appropriate methods to evaluate body temperature, we mention:
- This is the most reliable method.
- Suitable and recommended for children under 4 years of age.
- However, it implies that the child keeps his mouth closed with the thermometer still during the measurement.
- This condition is especially difficult to achieve in young children under 4 years of age, or when they have a stuffy nose or a marked cough.
- The rectal or oral evaluation method is more accurate than axillary temperature measurement.
- Collaboration by the child is required.
- If possible, more than one measurement should be done.
- Available in children over 4 years.
- The thermometer used is specific for tympanic evaluation.
- They are precise devices if they are well used.
- It is not suitable for measuring body temperature in infants less than 6 months old.
What is the value from which a fever should be considered?
Values vary widely in the literature, and from person to person. We will quote the following reference values:
- Rectal temperature greater than 38 ° C;
- Oral temperature greater than 37.5 ° C;
- Tympanic temperature greater than 37.5 ° C;
- Axillary temperature greater than 37.2 ° C.
What causes fever?
- Infection: in most cases.
- Immunization: for example after vaccination.
- Overheating: caused by too much clothing or too warm environment.
- Other diseases: are rare causes of fever, but may occur associated with chronic diseases, neoplasias, among others.
How do you deal with an episode of fever?
It is advisable when the child has a fever:
- Moisturize: Drink, often, small amounts of water, fruit juices or milk. For one, to prevent dehydration, on the other hand, to protect the kidneys when you are taking an antipyretic.
- Undress: The higher the child's fever, the less feverish it should be. The environment should be cool (about 20 ° C), the child should have the least clothing at all and should be away from heat sources, such as heaters and radiators. If the fever is not very high, and the child feels well, there is no need for antipyretics.
- Antipyretic: If the fever is high (39 ° or higher) and / or the child feels very discomfort, give antipyretic (see below). If it is greater than 40ø, the following physical media applied about half an hour after administration of the antipyretic is useful.
- Wet Towel: To help lower temperatures, wet towels can be placed on the child's forehead or neck or a sponge soaked in warm water through the body and head. Repeat the procedure whenever the water evaporates, until the temperature drops to a degree.
- Bath in water: Prepare the bath with 10-15 cm of water at a temperature of 29-32 °. Without forcing, keep the baby in water by wetting it with a sponge for 15-20 minutes, keeping the water temperature constant. Older children can be wet with the shower.
- Temperature control: 3 to 4 times a day. It is important not to wake the child if they are sleeping or looking relaxed. Rest is important in recovery.
- Exercise: No bed rest is necessary if the child feels well. Usual jokes are allowed, but active exercise should be avoided as it may increase body temperature.
When to take the child to the doctor?
It requires immediate pediatric attention if:
- Bad appearance and a red-or-hemorrhagic rash that may be from punctate and with few elements to multiple or with large purple areas.
- Occurrence first seizure caused by fever.
- Excessive drowsiness, do not stand upright.
- Abundant vomiting
- Severe headaches along with stiffness (difficult) when bending the back of the neck (rotate the neck).
- For a nursing infant and have a weak cry in the form of a moan or if it is very sharp and persistent, also presenting pale or purplish skin or great prostration.
- Difficulty breathing or complaining continuously.
- Age less than 3 months and rectal temperature greater than 39 °.
- High fever in the order of 39ºC, which does not revert with treatment (for example, antipyretics) after a time interval of 6 to 12 hours.
- In children older than 3 years: (a) if fever persists for more than 48 hours, with no associated symptoms pointing to its cause; (b) is greater than 40 °; (b) if the fever reappears after an interval of 24 to 48 h.
- You feel pain or burning when you urinate.
- History of febrile seizures.
What is not convenient to do in episodes of fever?
- Wrap the child / adult in cold towels or submerge it in cold water. This can trigger an anaphylactic shock.
- Apply and spread on the skin with ethyl alcohol or perfume as it can trigger an intoxication by inhalation and absorption through the skin.
- Forcing the sick to eat.
- Give antibiotics without medical advice.
- Wrap the patient in cold weather due to temperature rise.