Sterilized Gauze Swabs - 5x5cm - 125 units
Price With Taxes
- Brand: Batist Medical
- Product Code: MM-CE5x5
- In stock
Sterile gauze pads have many applications within the healthcare industry, especially in nursing procedures. They should be present in first aid kit.. See More
Sterile gauze pads have many applications within the healthcare industry, especially in nursing procedures.
They should be present in first aid kits and other places where needed such as schools, clinics, hospitals, nursing centers, kindergartens, nursing homes, etc.
Ideal for dressing.
Quantity: Box with 25 packs of 5 sterile pads
Measurement: 5x5 cm.
Composition: 100% hydrophilic cotton, according to European Standard 14079.
Everyday injuries such as cuts, abrasions, burns, etc. are often seen. Wounds that are not properly treated can be affected by pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc.). Ideal for dressing.
When can sterile gauze pads be used?
Sterile gauze pads should be used on small simple, extensive wounds or sutured wounds. The primary function of sterile dressings is to prevent external pathogens from contaminating the wound. These pathogens, such as bacteria, can be present in the air, on clothes, on the bed, on the couch, on the steering wheel on the computer keyboard ... everywhere.
Why should wounds be treated even if they are simple?
If left untreated, a simple wound can act as a gateway to harmful microorganisms. These can reach the tissues, multiply and produce infections if the defenses of our body do not prevent their action.
Some procedures to treat the wound to avoid complications include:
- It is essential to clean the wound immediately and thoroughly. Tap water is as effective as saline if it is fit for consumption.
- In smaller wounds wash with water (to remove infectious particles and dead tissues). Then make a dressing to protect. Healing is facilitated by a slightly moist environment. Moisture in the wound creates favorable conditions for the activity of cells and elements that allow tissue reconstruction.
- For dirty and longer wounds, an antiseptic may be applied after the wound has been thoroughly cleaned. The povidone-iodine-based antiseptics and chlorhexidine are the most recommended as they act against multiple microorganisms and do not appear to interfere with the healing process. Evidence puts povidone iodine (present, for example, in Betadine) first in terms of efficacy, and only then chlorhexidine.
- Do not use two antiseptics simultaneously as they may interact, increasing the risk of adverse effects such as skin irritability.
- To prevent contamination, avoid contact of the antiseptic bottle with the wound.
- The scab of the wound protects it and controls bleeding, so it should not be removed.
Why is the use of antiseptics controversial?
- The use of antiseptics in open wounds such as burns and lacerations is controversial, especially as there are few studies on their efficacy and safety under actual conditions of use.
- When we use these substances, we want to eliminate harmful organisms or reduce their multiplication. The problem is that these products have a nonspecific action: they attack any living tissue, including human cells essential for healing. This is the main argument of those who oppose use. They also mention that some products are ineffective when there is organic matter, such as blood and pus. However, toxicity was mostly verified in the laboratory (in vitro studies), not in real situations. Clinical trials reveal that most do not interfere with healing.
- Other experts argue that not using an antiseptic delays healing because microorganisms produce substances that can maintain or increase inflammation. Bacteria also compete with the body's cells for nutrients and oxygen, which are needed for healing. Using an antiseptic reduces the amount of these microorganisms and creates more favorable conditions for tissue reconstruction. Another argument in favor is that they are preferable to antibiotics because they do not create resistance.
What should not be used for disinfecting wounds?
Alcohol, potassium permanganate and gentian violet.
- Alcohol should not be used as it is not effective in the presence of organic matter. Not for use on open wounds. It also has the side effect of drying and irritating the skin.
- Potassium permanganate may become toxic if there is an error in overdose. Potassium permanganate is sold in crystals to prepare.
- Gentian violet is contraindicated for carcinogenic effects, so it should not be used on wounds. However it is very effective against some bacteria.
There are other substances that should be used in wounds with special moderation:
- Hydrogen peroxide: can be used to clean the wound area and remove dead tissue, but is ineffective at preventing and controlling infections.
- Sodium hypochlorite: It is a product that can be used in wound cleaning, but there are safer products. It also loses effectiveness in the presence of organic matter (blood, pus). It is a very irritating substance, can cause allergies.
- Cetrimide: its range of action is limited, fighting fewer microorganisms than other antiseptics.
- Silver nitrate: The biggest contraindication is related to its toxicity when used over long periods. Although effective, it can cause blemishes on the skin.
When should a health professional or specialist site be referred for wound care?
If the wound:
- extensive or deep. May need to be sutured (stitches).
- have, for more than 3 days, the typical signs of infection (heat, swelling, flushing or pus).
- cause fever or
- cause pain that continues to increase.
- it is hemorrhagic and the bleeding cannot be stopped.
- was caused by a bite, regardless of the animal.